What is HIV/AIDS?

HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

HIV weakens the body’s immune system and this causes the development of infections.

If left untreated, HIV can lead to the disease AIDS (Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome), characterised by the inability of the body to fight off infections.

Without treatment, people who are diagnosed with AIDS typically survive about 3 years. Once an individual has a dangerous opportunistic illness, life expectancy without treatment falls to about 1 year. People with AIDS need medical treatment to prevent death.